#### Topic: Data type

Question

I have been searching through the internet to find out how many bytes are contained in
a ruby integer and a ruby double?

viper20164

#### Re: Data type

Integer is the basis for the two concrete classes that hold whole numbers, Bignum and Fixnum.

32 bit system max fixnum should be (2**31 - 1).
64 bit system max fixnum is (2**62 - 1).

So fixnum is 4 or 8 bytes.

If you got greater number than that, then integer automatically uses Bignum class. I'm not sure if there are any certain limits.

Last edited by innu (2009-05-05 18:12:41)

#### Re: Data type

Float max is for me (64bit system(not sure if that matters here))
Float::MAX
=> 1.79769313486232e+308

this is almost 2**1024.

#### Re: Data type

innu wrote:

Integer is the basis for the two concrete classes that hold whole numbers, Bignum and Fixnum.

32 bit system max fixnum should be (2**31 - 1).
64 bit system max fixnum is (2**62 - 1).

So fixnum is 4 or 8 bytes.

If you got greater number than that, then integer automatically uses Bignum class. I'm not sure if there are any certain limits.

I'm no expert on numbers but shouldn't it be 2**63-1 on a 64 bit system?  If not why not.

#### Re: Data type

Actually you should be right. But I don't know why it shows Bignum for me then.

irb(main)> (2**63 - 1).class
=> Bignum
irb(main)> (2**62 - 1).class
=> Fixnum

EDIT:

I tried with my 32 bit machine
irb(main)> (2**31 - 1).class
=> Bignum
irb(main)> (2**30 - 1).class
=> Fixnum

Last edited by innu (2009-05-06 19:51:41)

#### Re: Data type

In the Ruby docs it says:

A Fixnum holds Integer values that can be represented in a native machine word (minus 1 bit).

So you only get 31 bits for the value, and out of those 31, 1 bit is reserved for the sign, leaving only 30 bits for the actual value.

Why not 32 bits for the value? Because Ruby uses a bit to handle some of its internals (oo-err ):

http://www.oreillynet.com/ruby/blog/200 … lue_1.html

So it's:

- 1 bit for Ruby to do its thing
- 1 bit for sign
- 30/62 bits for number

Rob Anderton
TheWebFellas